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|Stability:||> 2 years under recommended storage conditions|
|Substrate For (Enzyme):||Amyloglucosidase, α-amylase, β-Amylase|
High purity Maltoheptaose for use in research, biochemical enzyme assays and in vitro diagnostic analysis.
Glycerol Free E-AMGDFPD - Amyloglucosidase (Aspergillus niger) Powder E-AMGFR-500MG - Amyloglucosidase (Aspergillus niger) E-TSAGS - α-Glucosidase (Bacillus stearothermophilus) (Recombinant) E-MAST - Malt Amylase Standard E-MALTS - α-Glucosidase (yeast maltase) E-AMGPU - Amyloglucosidase (Rhizopus sp.)
The 4-α-Glucanotransferase AcbQ Is Involved in Acarbose Modification in Actinoplanes sp. SE50/110.
Nölting, S., März, C., Jacob, L., Persicke, M., Schneiker-Bekel, S. & Kalinowski, J. (2023). Microorganisms, 11(4), 848.
The pseudo-tetrasaccharide acarbose, produced by Actinoplanes sp. SE50/110, is a α-glucosidase inhibitor used for treatment of type 2 diabetes patients. In industrial production of acarbose, by-products play a relevant role that complicates the purification of the product and reduce yields. Here, we report that the acarbose 4-α-glucanotransferase AcbQ modifies acarbose and the phosphorylated version acarbose 7-phosphate. Elongated acarviosyl metabolites (α-acarviosyl-(1,4)-maltooligosaccharides) with one to four additional glucose molecules were identified performing in vitro assays with acarbose or acarbose 7-phosphate and short α-1,4-glucans (maltose, maltotriose and maltotetraose). High functional similarities to the 4-α-glucanotransferase MalQ, which is essential in the maltodextrin pathway, are revealed. However, maltotriose is a preferred donor and acarbose and acarbose 7-phosphate, respectively, serve as specific acceptors for AcbQ. This study displays the specific intracellular assembly of longer acarviosyl metabolites catalyzed by AcbQ, indicating that AcbQ is directly involved in the formation of acarbose by-products of Actinoplanes sp. SE50/110.Hide Abstract
Soluble fibres as sucrose replacers: Effects on physical and sensory properties of sugar-reduced short-dough biscuits.
Rodriguez-Garcia, J., Ding, R., Nguyen, T. H., Grasso, S., Chatzifragkou, A. & Methven, L. (2022). LWT, 167, 113837.
Four different soluble fibres were evaluated as sugar replacers in short dough biscuits: two resistant dextrins (Nutriose® FM06 and Promitor® SGF 70R) and two inulin-derived fibres (Orafti® HSI and Fibruline™ Instant). The degree of polymerisation of the fibres was analysed, and dough viscoelastic properties were assessed. Weight loss during baking, dimensions, textural properties, surface colour and sensory profile were evaluated. Higher degree of polymerisation fibres (e.g. Fibruline) limited water availability for syrup formation, restricting dough expansion and resulting in smaller, more compact, and harder biscuits than control. Biscuits with inulin derived fibres with a lower degree of polymerisation (e.g. Orafti) showed similar dimensions to control biscuits. In general, sucrose reduction gave place to biscuits with lower resistance to penetration and fracture strength due to less sugar recrystallisation in the final biscuit. In contrast, when dextrin-type fibres were used the rheological behaviour of the dough, spreading during baking, and resistance to penetration were similar to the control as the fibres showed an anti-plasticising effect similar to sucrose. However, all reduced sugar biscuits were significantly firmer and crunchier in sensory profile suggesting further optimisation is needed, potentially by modification of the fibre structure or baking method.Hide Abstract
The molecular state of gelatinized starch in surplus bread affects bread recycling potential.
Immonen, M., Maina, N. H., Coda, R. & Katina, K. (2021). LWT, 150, 112071.
Surplus bread is a major bakery side stream that should be strictly kept within the human food chain to reduce waste and ensure resource efficiency in baking processes. Optimally, surplus bread should be recycled as a dough ingredient, however, this is known to be detrimental to the volume and texture of bread. The purpose of this study was to investigate how gelatinized starch in surplus bread, untreated or enzymatically hydrolyzed, affects dough development, bread volume and textural attributes. Starch was hydrolyzed to various degrees using commercial α-amylase and amyloglucosidase. Bread hydrolysates containing different carbohydrate profiles (untreated, 75%, 57%, and 26% starch remaining) were evaluated as dough ingredients. More complete starch hydrolysis resulted in better dough visco-elastic properties and higher dough level, and reduced dough water absorption by 13%. Nonetheless, breads containing hydrolysate with high-malto-oligosaccharides had the lowest intrinsic hardness and similar volume yield when compared to control bread. Furthermore, compared to untreated slurry, the hydrolysate with high-malto-oligosaccharides, reduced crumb hardness by 28% and staling rate by 42%, and increased specific volume by 8%. The present findings show that enzymatic hydrolysis dramatically transforms the impact of gelatinized starch. Thus, by selecting correct bioprocessing approaches, bread recycling performance may be significantly improved.Hide Abstract